This week I attended Integrate 2014 (a.k.a. The BizTalk Summit). It was great meeting up again with lots of folks I’ve got to know in the past 14 years (veterans like Tom Canter, Brian Loesgen, Bill Chesnut, Richard Broida and the “younger generation” like Mikael Sand, Saravana Kumar, Michael Stephenson, Kent Weare and many more, including lots of Dutchies and Belgians), since starting to work with BizTalk Server in 2000. It was also nice to meet some of the Microsoft product team architects (online and offline, Guru Venkataraman and, offline Evgeny Popov) getting to understand their vision.
What keeps on surprising me however, is how bad Microsoft is at positioning their great stuff and how good they are at confusing us all, including the integration specialists and customers. The community will need to help them with bringing the right message. Customers deserve this. They need to be comforted. After all, they spend hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars and euros on implementing, supporting and migrating their middleware solutions and their businesses are relying on it.
I think it’s quite simple. In integration, we have a couple of things to take care of, now and in the future:
- Message based A2A integration
- Message based B2B integration
- API based B2B and B2C integration
- The underlying SOA architecture. Because folks, that’s what it is. At least the SOA as I have always understood and applied it.
Thinking in (orchestrated) task, entity and utility services is crucial. How to expose and compose these services and how granular they are (micro, nano or macro), is basically not that important. But it depends on the consumers of these services.
BizTalk Server is integration middleware that you can use to create an on-prem SOA architecture and use for message based A2A integration. It can also take care of “traditional”, message based B2B integration. We use SOAP, flat files, EDI and XML to exchange stuff in a very reliable and manageable way. We include MDM and other data services to take care of (master) data. And in order to expose (business) interfaces as APIs, we use the REST/JSON adapter. That way, creating hybrid buses using a federated bus architecture.
BizTalk Services (MABS) is the newer, cloud based integration offering. It is basically a B2B (EDI) gateway. A very logical place to have that in the cloud, since the cloud is a big DMZ and B2B is about structured communication with customers and partners outside your own firewalls. It’s a pitty though that this has not built on further since its first release 2 years ago (but we now know why: the team has shifted focus to the new microservices architecture and tooling).
Now we have two more things: APIs and Microservices.
APIs expose your business services to Apps and Portals in a managed way. Mashing up services. With granular security. And you can even monitize them that way, exposing them to affiliates and other partners. For an indepth (IMO) view of API management and how it relates to this, please check this article.
Microservices are there to easily create solutions by combining functionalities exposed by these services. But again, these services are juse plain old utility, entity and task services. But now exposed as lightweight JSON/REST. And probably more granular. So they can more easily be versioned and deployed independently. Check out Martin Fowler’s vision on microservices here (also read his comment on SOA vs. Microservices). They can also be exposed through a gateway. See this article.
Service (micro, nano or macro, don’t care) composition is something you can do by means of integration patterns, implemented through some sort of pre-defined proces, being an itinerary, orchestration or workflow (but probably in the not to near future, composition is also something that is taken care of by using NoProcess, based on AI: the system just automatically finds out what to do best and which services it will need doing that, and will constantly finetune that automatically).
What’s going to make or break your (hybrid) architecture is design- and runtime governance of these services. In order to be able to compose services into solutions, you’ll have to know what services are available and how you can use them. In order to be able to manage and monitor your solutions, they have to be instrumented in a standard way, feeding management and monitoring solutions in a real-time fashion. API Management (by Azure API Management and Nevatech Sentinet) is doing that for APIs. SOA governance (by Nevatech Sentinet and SOA Software) is doing that for integration middleware. These somehow have to be tied together to provide end-to-end runtime- and design time governance (including ALM), tying in with your development environment. If I were Microsoft, I’d just buy the best solution and integrate it in the platform. Just like they did with Apiphany.
Now let’s hope that Microsoft:
- Keeps the BizTalk Server brand for on-prem A2A and B2B integration and building a SOA.
- Keeps the BizTalk Services brand for cloud based B2B integration.
- Comes up with a new brand for the cloud based (micro)services architecture and tooling.
- Versions and roadmaps these offerings separately
- Clearly depicts usage scenarios, including hybrid solutions. A couple of good architecture pictures should suffice.
On a final note, check out Next Generation SOA. Thomas Erl and his co-writers have done a great job on simply explaining it and it all fully applies to modern architectures including APIs and microservices. It’ll really help you think clearly about complex, services based solutions.